Volume 7, Issue 1

Published Online: August 15, 2023




Ivan Neil Gomez

The State of the Journal 2023

Article 1 | Delivery of Rehabilitation Services: Opportunities and Threats During a Global Pandemic

Joel Guerrero

Background: This presentation articulated a personal perspective of an Occupational Therapy (OT) practitioner regarding the changes already happening within the field of rehabilitation before the COVID-19 pandemic and its cataclysmic role that accelerated changes in the delivery of rehabilitation services, specifically in advancing the application technologies and innovative practices in the clinics, renewed focus on strengthening and supporting OT and rehabilitation professionals’ health and well-being, and use of transformational instructions to prepare students for future healthcare challenges. Included in this presentation is the global response to ensure the delivery of rehabilitation services, the exemplar of local innovations and resilience among Filipino OT and the rehabilitation community, emerging opportunities and threats brought about by the pandemic, and the lessons and innovations we bring forward as part of the new normal post-COVID-19 pandemic, and beyond.

Article 2 | Solution-Focused Approach towards Improved Access to Assistive Mobility Technology and Devices in Low and Middle-income Countries: A Narrative Review

Akshay Kumar, Vinita

Background: The article focuses on the main challenges for low and middle-income countries (LMICs) and approaches that need to be implemented to achieve assistive mobility devices for all. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about one billion (15%) of the world’s population lives with some form of disability, with projections for the same to double by 2050, a significant proportion (approx.840 million) of them residing in low- and middle-income countries. As per WHO, it is estimated that only 5-15% of the people requiring assistive technology have access to it. In low and middle-income countries, the rate of accessibility is expected to be worse due to the high cost of the products, diminished awareness, lack of trained personnel, inadequate availability, and ineffective policy implementation due to lack of funds. The current developments in assistive mobility technologies and devices available at a high cost for consumers in high-income countries have neglected the requirement of persons with disabilities in low and middle-income countries. The improved rehabilitation methods of assistive mobility devices may deliver economic and health benefits to individuals and lessen the financial burden on governments in the future. Therefore, multidisciplinary research is greatly needed to measure and prove the effectiveness of rehabilitation treatment methods and to develop an evidence-based sustainable treatment, particularly in LMICs. Also, a detailed service model assessment can identify the lack of current service provision. The online databases were searched to find relevant articles for the purpose.

Article 3 | Sleep Quality among Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students in the University of Santo Tomas during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Allan James Tan, Ma. Carol Mae Gutay-Protacio, Bianca Beatrice De Mesa, Monique Esmile, Zharylle Gayeta, Ayessa Dominique Pineda, Ray Anthony Torres, Kristina Francesca Tuazon

Background: Sleep is an essential occupation for students. It affects one's neurocognitive functions and psychomotor performance, playing a significant role in academic performance, health, and well-being. This study aims to describe the sleep quality and sleep patterns among undergraduate occupational therapy (OT) students at the University of Santo Tomas (UST) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study utilized a record review based on existing data from the UST OT Department's Student Life Survey 2021 database. A total of 205 students from different year levels and academic cohorts of the academic year 2021-2022 participated in the survey, which included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The data with valid responses (n=204) was analyzed using the measures of central tendency and dispersion, such as mean and standard deviation. Results: Data analysis revealed that 95.59% (n=195) of student respondents had significantly poor sleep quality, while 4.41% (n=9) had good sleep quality. Students in the fifth-year level had the greatest sleep dysfunction as opposed to those in the third-year level who had little sleep dysfunction. Sleep duration and daytime dysfunction received the highest individual scores across all year levels. Conclusion: Having poor sleep quality is a common occurrence among undergraduate OT students in UST during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sleep pattern trends suggest the need for school administrators and educators to create measures to mitigate possible negative effects on their student’s academic performance, health, and overall quality of life, especially during public health emergencies, calamities, and disasters.

Article 4 | Life Satisfaction and Self-Efficacy of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students in a University in Metro Manila: A Cross-Sectional Study

Kim Gerald Medallon, Charles Bermejo, Cesar Joseph Lim, Miria Olivia Isabel Alvior,Daniel Miguel Batain, Chasid Bautista, Karissa Anne Lee, Maria Louise Abigail Morales, Quincy Aaliyah Torre

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted students' lives and daily routines, resulting in increased stress and mental health issues that impact their perceived life satisfaction and self-efficacy. While life satisfaction and self-efficacy may influence student academic performance and success, current data on life satisfaction and self-efficacy in Filipino occupational therapy students is limited. Objectives: This study aims to describe the life satisfaction and self-efficacy level of occupational therapy students at a university in Metro Manila, Philippines, during the COVID-19 pandemic and explore the relationship between these two variables. Methods: The study adopted an analytic cross-sectional study design and records review methodology utilizing the Student Life Survey 2021 database. Data from the survey participants who fit the study's inclusion criteria were extracted to determine their life satisfaction and self-efficacy based on their responses on the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Self-Efficacy Formative Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics using measures of central tendency and dispersion were used to analyze data. Spearman-Rho correlation analysis was performed to examine the correlation between participants’ life satisfaction and self-efficacy. Results: A total of 205 occupational therapy students completed the survey. Results reveal that the participants were slightly dissatisfied with their lives (M=18.45; SD=1.52) and that they had satisfactory or adequate self-efficacy (M=64.66; SD=1.37). An analysis of their self-efficacy scores reveals that participants had a poor belief in their personal ability (M=37.71; SD=1.33) and a satisfactory or adequate belief that their ability can grow with effort (M=26.92; SD=1.32). Life satisfaction and self-efficacy were found to decrease as the participants’ year level increased. Furthermore, correlation analysis revealed a statistically significant moderate correlation between participants’ life satisfaction and self-efficacy (⍴=0.40, p<0.05). Conclusion: The participants have a slightly dissatisfied level of life satisfaction and a satisfactory or adequate level of self-efficacy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Life satisfaction and self-efficacy were found to have moderate correlation. Online learning adjustments, pandemic restrictions, and societal expectations are factors that may have influenced these findings, as emphasized in existing studies. This study may inform the academe in modifying existing learning environments and providing enhancement programs to deliberately target these constructs influencing overall academic performance.

Article 5 | Psychometric Properties of Instruments to Measure the Well-being of Young Children: A Systematic Review Protocol

Paulin Grace Morato-Espino, Jose Ma. Rafael Ramos, Ivan Neil Gomez

Background: Child well-being is an important outcome and has received attention from researchers for decades. Until recently, there has been difficulty in drawing conclusions from these studies because of the wide variety of measures used. Objective: This systematic review aims to summarize and assess the measurement properties of existing child well-being instruments presented in the literature. Methods: This systematic review will focus on studies that evaluated the psychometric properties of instruments to measure the well-being of children ages two to seven. The search strategy will aim to locate studies in the English language completed from 2000 to 2023. The databases to be searched include MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection via EBSCOhost. Proquest Dissertations and Theses, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate will be used to search unpublished studies. Following the search, all identified citations will be collated in Mendeley. The full text of selected citations will be uploaded to JBI-SUMARI, assessed in detail against the inclusion criteria, and critically appraised using the COSMIN Risk of Bias checklist by two independent reviewers. Data will be extracted using JBI-SUMARI by one reviewer and verified by another. Findings will be reported using a narrative synthesis and tables. If possible, a meta-analysis will be performed. The evidence for each measurement property for each instrument will be compared against acknowledged standards for appropriate measurement characteristics using the COSMIN-proposed "criteria for good measurement properties." Expected Results: This systematic review will provide further evidence regarding the measurement properties of instruments used to measure the well-being of children, specifically in the early years. The findings of this study will be disseminated through a conference presentation and publication in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO registration number: CRD4202342T8953.

Conference Proceedings: Preface

To Ability and Beyond- 2nd Annual Rehabilitation Sciences Convention (RSCon)

Conference Proceedings: Presentation Abstracts

To Ability and Beyond- 2nd Annual Rehabilitation Sciences Convention (RSCon)​

The Philippine Journal of Allied health Sciences [ISSN: 1908-5044] is an Open Access, peer reviewed journal published by the University of Santo Tomas-College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Manila, Philippines.



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