PJAHS- the Philippine journal of Allied Health Sciences is a peer-reviewed Open Access journal publishing original research, systematic reviews and meta-synthesis, short reports, and letters to the editor.
UST - PJAHS
The articles contained in this issue are currently considered “In Press.”
- ARTICLE1Article 1The state of the journal
“With a renewed fervor in advocating for publishing scholarly articles in the field of allied health sciences, PJAHS re-opens its door, or should I say, inbox, to submission from authors in the fields of physical therapy, occupational therapy, sports science, speech-language pathology, nursing, psychology, biomedical engineering, pharmacy, nutrition, education and other allied health sciences. In this edition of PJAHS, we publish articles in research fields of geriatric and musculoskeletal physical therapy, nutrition, caregiving stress and occupational therapy, interprofessional education, health research ethics, and health innovations through collaborations.
PJAHS envisions the future as hall-full, adopting an optimistic perspective of things to come. I invite our readers to continuously develop and make history with us. PJAHS is back, and we are here to stay.” (An excerpt from the editorial piece)
- ARTICLE2Article 2In gratitude for the PJAHS 2019 editorial board and reviewers
Special Research Article
The Philippine Journal of Allied Health Sciences (PJAHS) and our publisher, the College of Rehabilitation Sciences of the University of Santo Tomas, extends our deepest gratitude to our editorial board and academic editors who have graciously contributed to the journal’s peer-review process for the years 2018-2019. We recognize your selfless contribution in support of our aim to further research in the field of allied health science through the democratization of knowledge evidence by way of Open Access journals such as PJAHS. We are back and here to stay because of your unwavering support and dedication.
The names of the individual editorial board members, staff and academic editors who performed excellent peer-review on the submitted manuscripts, some of which appear in this edition, appear in the supplementary File S1_PJAHS_List. Your participation in the review process is duly recognized and appreciated. Thank you for embarking with us in this journey of informing and influencing allied health science clinical and research practice. We hope that our partnership continues to flourish and prosper in the coming editions of PJAHS. Maraming Salamat po!
- ARTICLE3Article 3Challenges of research ethics committees
Letter to the Editor
- ARTICLE4Article 4Association of lateral epicondylalgia and shoulder rotatory motion: a cross-sectional case control study
Background: Lateral epicondylalgia (LE) is a cumulative strain injury affecting the common extensor origin of the elbow, manifesting as lateral elbow pain. Tightness of the fascia connecting the lateral elbow area with the shoulder area was assumed as potential source of LE. Limitation in shoulder rotatory motions may be associated with painful LE elbows. Aim: To determine the difference on shoulder rotatory motions between sides of symptomatic and asymptomatic elbows. Methods: Eligible participants had at least one elbow that tested positive for Cozen, Mill, or Maudsley’s test. Using a universal goniometer, a blinded assessor measured the participants’ active and followed by passive shoulder internal and external rotation. The primary investigator tested the external rotation followed by internal rotation of the right upper extremity, then subsequently the left upper extremity of healthy participants both passively and actively. Results: The assessor showed excellent intra-tester reliability in measuring active and passive shoulder rotatory motions of 20 asymptomatic right upper extremities (ICC=0.98). Twenty-seven (27) participants (3 males, 24 females) with a mean (95%CI) age of 54 (49-58) years old were enrolled in the study. The mean visual analogue scale of the patients was 6.53 (5.91-7.13), with mean (95%CI) duration of 96 (50-142) weeks. Based on hand dominance and side of LE, significant difference was found in active and passive shoulder internal rotation (p>0.05). Conclusion: Shoulder active and passive internal rotations were significantly associated with hand dominance in patients with LE. Tightness of the fascia and muscle in the shoulder and painful LE elbow may underpin the decreased shoulder rotatory motions.
Keywords: lateral epicondylalgia, tennis elbow, shoulder, fascia
- ARTICLE5Article 5The Filipino dietary habits and nutrition knowledge questionnaire (DHNKQ-FIL): a psychometric study
Background: The Dietary Habits and Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (DHNKQ) is a validated assessment tool that provides information about the nutritional practices of collegiate athletes as an integral support to sports performance. This psychometric study aims to translate and validate the DHNKQ for the Filipino collegiate population to come up with the DHNKQ-FIL using various psychometric protocols consolidated into two phases. Methods: The first phase involved the translation of the tool into Filipino and testing for face and content validity through a focus group discussion by an expert committee and was finalized with the administration of a pre-test to 30 collegiate athletes for final modification purposes. The second phase tested the validated DHNKQ-FIL on a new set of 30 collegiate athletes for internal consistency and reliability testing, statistically analyzed using Cronbach’s α and intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively. Results: The DHNKQ-FIL used modern Filipino terminologies, more appropriate for the modern Filipino collegiate athlete. Item Content Validity Index (I-CVI) had scores of 90% and above in semantic, idiomatic, experiential, and conceptual equivalence for both sections. Food guides and choices, along with the usage of medical jargon, were identified areas for modification in the validity testing. Pre-test subjects considered the questionnaire appropriate and applicable for Filipino athletes after cognitive interview. The pilot test showed scale reliability scores of 0.68 or “Questionable” for dietary habits section and 0.81 or “Good” for nutritional knowledge. Test-retest reliability had a score of 0.79 or “Acceptable” for dietary habits and 0.60 or “Questionable” for nutrition knowledge. Conclusion: The acceptable scores for the translation, validation, and reliability of the DHNKQ-FIL makes it a valid tool for assessing dietary habit and nutritional knowledge among Filipino collegiate athletes.
Keywords: nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, translation, validation
- ARTICLE6Article 6The birth of a national network for interprofessional education and collaboration: results from an inter-university partnership
The Philippine Interprofessional Education and Collaboration (PhIPEC) Conference is the first-ever national program held in the Philippines on interprofessional education and collaboration (IPEC). This project, initiated through an inter-university partnership between University of Santo Tomas and Angeles University Foundation, aimed to facilitate uniform understanding of IPEC across higher education institutions and health facilities as well as to instigate IPEC related researches in the country. The two-day conference was able to gather over 80 participants from more than 10 health and social care professions and 15 speakers who shared their expertise in health education and practice. Aside from these, the initiative has also gathered more than 500 followings in Facebook Page and 161 members in the mailing list. With the turn-out of this initiative, there was a move to rename the group into PhIPEC Network. The network has been agreed upon to serve as an informal entity that represents a collective of Filipino health and social care professionals towards advocating collaborative learning and health care services. Future directions were also determined focused on considering IPEC initiatives in education, practice, research, and policies.
Keywords: Interprofessional Education and Collaboration, IPE, IPC
- ARTICLE7Article 7Answering the health needs of the Filipino community
Letter to the Editor
- ARTICLE8Article 8Translation and cross- cultural adaptation of the Friedrich Short Form of the Questionnaire on Resources and Stress (QRS-F) to measure the stress level of Filipino parents and other caregivers of children with disability
Background: The Friedrich Short Form of the Questionnaire on Resources and Stress (QRS-F) is a tool that measures stress levels of parents of children with disabilities. Objectives: The objectives of this study are 1) To translate and culturally adapt the QRS-F for use by Filipino parents and other caregivers of children with disability in the Philippines, and 2) To establish its psychometric properties. Methods: The tool underwent the process of translation & cross-cultural adaptation with the following steps: 1) face & content validation, 2) translation and equivalence and 3) pilot study of the pre-final QRS-F. Convenience sampling was performed to select sixty Filipino parents and other caregivers of children with disability enrolled in special education schools and thirty Filipino parents and other caregivers of typically developing children enrolled in regular schools, all located in Metro Manila. Results: A translated, and culturally adapted QRS-F was developed and was found to have good reliability and construct (known group) validity. Conclusion: The QRS-F is a culturally valid tool that can be used to measure the stress levels of Filipino parents and other caregivers of children with disability.
Key Words: questionnaire, stress, parents, children, disability
What’s new with PJAHS?
- 1PJAHS is back!October 10, 2018
After almost ten years of hiatus, the Philippine Journal of…
- 2PJAHS joins the launch of UST Journals On-Line...December 12, 2018
Last December 6, 2018, UST launched the On-Line Portal for…
- 3PJAHS is now social!December 12, 2018
In the more recent years, scientific and academic journals have…