Volume 4, Issue 1, 2020

Published Online: August 2020

Article 1 | Preface to PJAHS Volume 4 Issue 1

Article 2 | Mental health in the times of the pandemic

Alejandro Baroque, Gabriel Alejandro Baroque


Article 3 | In peer review we trust

Ivan Neil Gomez, Editor-in-Chief

Article 4 | Teaching allied health courses in the time of COVID-19: challenges and opportunities

Gian Carlo Torres, Earl Francis Sumile

Letter to the Editor

Article 5 | Speech language pathology services in a time of pandemic

Candace Vickers

Letter to the Editor

Article 6 | Occupational therapy in the times of the pandemic

The Philippine Academy of Occupational Therapists, Inc.

Letter to the Editor

Article 7 | Clinical audit on outcome measures used in examination of knee osteoarthritis in selected hospitals and clinics in the Philippines

Jocel Magpili Regino, Cristine Rose Sanchez Versales, Jin Kaye Galupe Catalan, Edgar Maurice Gunda Bajado, Marielle Regine Del Rosario De Jesus, Orville Espiritu Hernandez, Gabriele Uriel Escalano Palisoc, Jaime Antonio Saile Rama, Alyssa Rae Samson Tungal

Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease affecting the aging Filipino population. Outcome measure tools are used to assess a patient’s health status for the quality of care improvement. With the increasing prevalence of knee osteoarthritis, it warrants the need to conduct a clinical audit to identify the most common outcome measure tools used by Filipino Physical Therapists. Objectives: To determine the outcome measure tools used by Filipino Physical Therapists in assessing knee osteoarthritis in hospitals and clinics and compare it to the current global standard of assessment. Methods: A retrospective record audit study design was used to determine the current assessment tool compared with standards of assessment. Results: Of the 45 of 285 charts reviewed, 80% were females and 73.33%, aged older than 60 years. The following were examination tools used by Physical Therapists: In Subjective; a. pain score (97.77%), b Functional status (80%), and c. stiffness ( 4.44%). In Objective; a. ocular inspection and palpation(97.77% ), b. range of motion and manual muscle testing (93.33%), c. posture ( 48.89%), d. special tests (33.33%), e. gait analysis ( 71.11%), and f. Functional assessment ( 91.11%). Physical Therapists did not use Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Short Form-36 (SF-36), and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score ( KOOS) outcome measures for assessing knee osteoarthritis. Conclusion: Physical Therapists did not use standardized outcome measure tools in the assessment for knee osteoarthritis. Thus, the study shows the gap in the assessment for knee osteoarthritis in the Philippines and global standards.

Article 8 | Effect of non-elastic closed-basket weave ankle taping on muscle activity of tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, medial, and lateral gastrocnemius during jump landing on a hard, flat surface in healthy individuals: a pilot study

Fe Therese Chavez, Emmanuel Carpio, Philip Andrew Aguilar, Daniella Ang, Blessie Busog, Rheine Canlas, Isabella Gonzales, Joan Marie Ibanez, Adrian Miclat, Mary Angelique Principe

Background: Inversion ankle sprains are among the most common traumatic injuries for both men and women caused by jumping and landing activities. The ankle is protected by the static and dynamic stabilizers to reduce the incidences of injuries. Furthermore, using a non-elastic closed-basket weave taping technique is one of the common interventions to prevent it. Knowledge about the muscle activity reaction of the dynamic stabilizers upon application of tape is limited with varying results. Objectives: To determine the effect of non-elastic closed-basket weave ankle taping on the muscle activity of tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, medial, and lateral gastrocnemius on healthy individuals during jump landing on a hard, flat surface. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study using a pre- and post-test design. Peak amplitude muscle activity was assessed and analyzed using surface electromyography (sEMG) after landing from a jump. The pre-test was done by jump landing without tape, after which post-test data was immediately collected after applying the non-elastic closed-basket weave taping. Jump landing was done for three trials for both pre- and post-tests. A paired t-test was used to determine significant differences in pre-post taping. Results: Fifteen healthy participants were included in the study (9 females, 6 males) with a mean age of 21 + 1.03 years old and BMI of 22.74 + 1.63 kg/m2. No significant difference was observed on peak amplitude muscle activity of the tibialis anterior (p= 0.06), medial gastrocnemius (p= 0.32), and lateral gastrocnemius (p= 0.66) after application of tape. However, a significant difference was observed in the peroneus longus after the application of tape (p= 0.05) during jump landing. Conclusion: Non-elastic closed-basket weave taping decreased the peak amplitude muscle activity of the peroneus longus during jump landing. This research suggests that tape may influence the peroneus longus, and it may or may not be detrimental in reducing the risk of ankle sprains.

Article 9 | Muscle activation pattern of gluteus medius, tibialis anterior and peroneus longus during drop landing on different surfaces: a cross-sectional study

Ken Erbvin Sosa, Kristina Devora, Rino Luis Santiago, Shyllah Trish Abando, Samuel John Chua, Ria Jasmine de Leon, Raphael Jose Maria R. Eala, Iana Joy Famy, Anselm Raphael Garvida, Liezelle Soriano

Background: Gluteus medius (GMeds), peroneus longus (PL), and tibialis anterior (TA) help in maintaining frontal stability of the lower extremity, particularly, the ankle. Muscle activation must be sufficient to prevent the occurrence of an ankle sprain. The purpose of this study is to compare the muscle activation of the GMeds, TA, and PL during drop landing on stable and unstable surfaces of physically active individuals. Methods: Surface EMG (sEMG) was used to determine the muscle activation pattern of the GMeds, TA, and PL of fifteen (15) recreational athletes during drop landing. The mean percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC) was calculated for comparison. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare means. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the muscle activity of GMeds (p=0.69), TA (p=0.26), and PL (p=0.23) on stable and unstable surfaces. However, a small effect size showed that GMeds (d=0.30) has higher activation in the unstable surface while TA (d=0.28) and PL (d=0.17) have lower activation on unstable surface. Conclusion: Landing surface does not significantly alter muscle activity of GMeds, TA, and PL. However, the magnitude of the difference in the mean %MVIC between groups shows the compensatory mechanism of the body when subjected to different surface conditions. This can be used when creating injury prevention programs of the lower extremity.

Article 10 | In gratitude for the PJAHS 2020 editorial board and reviewers

Ivan Neil Gomez, Anne Marie Aseron

The Philippine Journal of Allied Health Sciences (PJAHS) and our publisher, the College of Rehabilitation Sciences of the University of Santo Tomas, extend our deepest gratitude to our editorial board and academic editors. They have graciously contributed to the journal’s peer-review process for the years 2019-2020. We recognize your selfless contribution in support of our aim to further research in the field of allied health science through the democratization of knowledge evidence by way of Open Access journals such as PJAHS.

The names of the individual editorial board members, staff, and academic editors who performed excellent peer-review on the submitted manuscripts, some of which appear in this edition, appear in the supplementary file S1_PJAHS_List_2020. Your participation in the review process is duly recognized and appreciated. Thank you for embarking with us in this journey of informing and influencing allied health science clinical and research practice. We hope that our partnership continues to flourish and prosper in the future editions of PJAHS. Maraming Salamat po!

The Philippine Journal of Allied health Sciences [ISSN: 1908-5044] is an Open Access, peer reviewed journal published by the University of Santo Tomas-College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Manila, Philippines.



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