Article 1Preface to PJAHS Volume 4 Issue 1
    Article 2Mental health in the times of the pandemic
    Alejandro Baroque, Gabriel Alejandro Baroque

    Letter to the Editor

    Article 3In peer review we trust
    Ivan Neil Gomez, Editor-in-Chief


    Article 4Teaching allied health courses in the time of COVID-19: challenges and opportunities
    Gian Carlo Torres, Earl Francis Sumile

    Letter to the Editor

    Article 5Speech language pathology services in a time of pandemic
    Candace Vickers

    Letter to the Editor

    Article 6Occupational therapy in the times of the pandemic
    The Philippine Academy of Occupational Therapists, Inc.

    Letter to the Editor

    Article 7Clinical audit on outcome measures used in examination of knee osteoarthritis in selected hospitals and clinics in the Philippines
    Jocel Magpili Regino, Cristine Rose Sanchez Versales, Jin Kaye Galupe Catalan, Edgar Maurice Gunda Bajado, Marielle Regine Del Rosario De Jesus, Orville Espiritu Hernandez, Gabriele Uriel Escalano Palisoc, Jaime Antonio Saile Rama, Alyssa Rae Samson Tungal

    Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease affecting the aging Filipino population. Outcome measure tools are used to assess a patient’s health status for the quality of care improvement. With the increasing prevalence of knee osteoarthritis, it warrants the need to conduct a clinical audit to identify the most common outcome measure tools used by Filipino Physical Therapists. Objectives: To determine the outcome measure tools used by Filipino Physical Therapists in assessing knee osteoarthritis in hospitals and clinics and compare it to the current global standard of assessment. Methods: A  retrospective record  audit study  design was used to determine the current assessment tool compared with  standards of assessment. Results: Of the 45 of 285 charts reviewed, 80% were females and 73.33%, aged older than 60 years. The following were examination tools used by Physical Therapists: In Subjective; a. pain score (97.77%), b Functional status (80%), and c. stiffness ( 4.44%). In Objective; a. ocular inspection and palpation(97.77% ), b. range of motion and manual muscle testing (93.33%), c. posture ( 48.89%), d. special tests (33.33%), e. gait analysis ( 71.11%), and f. Functional assessment ( 91.11%). Physical Therapists did not use Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Short Form-36 (SF-36), and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score ( KOOS) outcome measures for assessing knee osteoarthritis. Conclusion: Physical Therapists did not use standardized outcome measure tools in the assessment for knee osteoarthritis. Thus, the study shows the gap in the assessment for knee osteoarthritis in the Philippines and global standards.

    Article 8Effect of non-elastic closed-basket weave ankle taping on muscle activity of tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, medial, and lateral gastrocnemius during jump landing on a hard, flat surface in healthy individuals: a pilot study
    Fe Therese Chavez, Emmanuel Carpio, Philip Andrew Aguilar, Daniella Ang, Blessie Busog, Rheine Canlas, Isabella Gonzales, Joan Marie Ibanez, Adrian Miclat, Mary Angelique Principe

    Background: Inversion ankle sprains are among the most common traumatic injuries for both men and women caused by jumping and landing activities. The ankle is protected by the static and dynamic stabilizers to reduce the incidences of injuries. Furthermore, using a non-elastic closed-basket weave taping technique is one of the common interventions to prevent it. Knowledge about the muscle activity reaction of the dynamic stabilizers upon application of tape is limited with varying results. Objectives: To determine the effect of non-elastic closed-basket weave ankle taping on the muscle activity of tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, medial, and lateral gastrocnemius on healthy individuals during jump landing on a hard, flat surface. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study using a pre- and post-test design. Peak amplitude muscle activity was assessed and analyzed using surface electromyography (sEMG) after landing from a jump. The pre-test was done by jump landing without tape, after which post-test data was immediately collected after applying the non-elastic closed-basket weave taping. Jump landing was done for three trials for both pre- and post-tests. A paired t-test was used to determine significant differences in pre-post taping. Results: Fifteen healthy participants were included in the study (9 females, 6 males) with a mean age of 21 + 1.03 years old and BMI of 22.74 + 1.63 kg/m2. No significant difference was observed on peak amplitude muscle activity of the tibialis anterior (p= 0.06), medial gastrocnemius (p= 0.32), and lateral gastrocnemius (p= 0.66) after application of tape. However, a significant difference was observed in the peroneus longus after the application of tape (p= 0.05) during jump landing. Conclusion: Non-elastic closed-basket weave taping decreased the peak amplitude muscle activity of the peroneus longus during jump landing. This research suggests that tape may influence the peroneus longus, and it may or may not be detrimental in reducing the risk of ankle sprains.

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